Structural Encoding:

Structural encoding refers to the process of representing data in a structured manner, typically using a specific format or standard. It involves organizing and arranging information in a way that captures the relationships, hierarchy, and elements within the data.

Markup Formatting using HTML:

In the context of structural encoding, markup formatting refers to the practice of using tags and elements provided by a markup language like HTML to specify the structure, presentation, and meaning of the encoded data.

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is a widely used markup language for creating web pages. It uses tags such as headings, paragraphs, lists, and more, to define the structure and content of the web page. By using HTML, data can be organized and formatted in a hierarchical manner, enabling browsers and other applications to interpret and render the data appropriately.

Markup formatting using HTML allows for easy identification of different elements within the data, links between related sections, the inclusion of multimedia content, and the application of styles and layouts to enhance the overall visual presentation of the information. It plays a crucial role in structuring and presenting data in a form that can be easily understood and processed by both humans and machines.