Preliminary stage:

This stage refers to the point at which individuals have not yet considered making any changes to their behaviors. They may lack awareness or not see a need for change. The focus at this stage is on increasing knowledge and raising awareness about the potential benefits of change.


During this stage, individuals start to recognize the necessity for change and may be assessing the pros and cons of altering their behaviors. They may experience a certain level of ambivalence and uncertainty. The goal here is to help them weigh their options and increase their motivation for change.


The preparation stage signifies that individuals are now ready to take action towards making a change. They have developed a plan and are committed to following through with it. This stage involves setting specific goals and creating strategies to accomplish them.


In the action stage, individuals actively modify their behaviors and take steps to implement the changes they have planned. This stage requires consistent efforts, as well as the continuous evaluation of progress and adjustment of strategies as needed.


The maintenance stage represents the point at which individuals have successfully adopted and sustained the desired changes over an extended period. During this stage, the main focus is on preventing relapse and consolidating new habits to ensure the long-term success of behavioral change.


The termination stage marks the final stage, where the desired behavior change has been fully integrated into the individual’s lifestyle. At this point, the risk of relapse is minimal, and the transformed behavior has become a natural and effortless part of their daily routine.