Definition of Somnambulism:


Somnambulism, commonly known as sleepwalking, is a sleep disorder characterized by complex motor behaviors and actions undertaken during sleep. Individuals affected by somnambulism are usually partially unconscious while sleepwalking, exhibiting behaviors such as sitting up in bed, walking or wandering around the house, performing routine activities, talking, or even leaving the house.


Some common symptoms of somnambulism include:

  • Walking or moving around during sleep
  • Blank or glassy-eyed expression
  • Difficulty in awakening someone who is sleepwalking
  • Inability to recall the sleepwalking episode upon awakening
  • Engaging in activities without awareness or memory of doing so
  • Sleep talking or murmuring


The exact causes of somnambulism are not well understood but can be influenced by various factors including:

  • Genetics or family history of sleepwalking
  • Inadequate sleep or poor sleep quality
  • Alcohol or drug consumption
  • Physical or emotional stress
  • Underlying medical conditions such as sleep apnea or restless leg syndrome
  • Certain medications


While somnambulism typically resolves on its own, treatment may be necessary if it poses a risk to the individual’s safety or disrupts their sleep quality. Treatment options include:

  • Improving sleep hygiene and maintaining a regular sleep schedule
  • Creating a safe sleeping environment by removing obstacles or hazards
  • Managing stress through relaxation techniques or therapy
  • Using medications under the guidance of a healthcare professional


Somnambulism, or sleepwalking, is a sleep disorder characterized by complex actions performed while asleep. Although the exact causes are not fully understood, it is essential to create a safe environment and consider treatment options when necessary to ensure the well-being of individuals experiencing somnambulism.