Social Roles:

Social roles refer to the various positions or functions that individuals occupy in a group or society, which are attributed particular rights, expectations, and obligations.

Types of Social Roles:

1. Ascribed Roles:

Ascribed roles are those that individuals are assigned to based on certain characteristics or attributes that they possess at birth or acquire during their lifetime, which are beyond their control.

2. Achieved Roles:

Achieved roles are those that individuals acquire through their own efforts, skills, and accomplishments, often through education, training, or personal development.

Characteristics of Social Roles:

1. Rights and Responsibilities:

Social roles involve certain rights that individuals are entitled to and specific responsibilities that they are obligated to fulfill.

2. Expectations:

There are certain expectations associated with each social role, which are the norms, behaviors, and attitudes that are typically expected of individuals in that particular role.

3. Influence on Behavior:

Social roles significantly influence the behavior of individuals as they conform to the expected norms and responsibilities associated with their roles.

Examples of Social Roles:

1. Parent:

A parent has the role of providing love, care, and support to their children, as well as teaching them values, discipline, and life skills.

2. Teacher:

A teacher has the role of facilitating learning, imparting knowledge, and guiding students in their academic and personal development.

3. Doctor:

A doctor has the role of diagnosing and treating medical conditions, promoting health, and providing medical advice and care to patients.

4. Police Officer:

A police officer has the role of maintaining law and order, protecting the public, investigating crimes, and enforcing regulations and laws.