Sleepwalking, also known as somnambulism, is a type of sleep disorder characterized by complex actions and behaviors performed while an individual is in a state of deep sleep.


Sleepwalking can be caused by various factors, such as:

  • Genetics: It may run in families, suggesting a genetic predisposition.
  • Insufficient sleep: Lack of quality sleep or inadequate sleep duration can increase the likelihood of sleepwalking.
  • Stress: Emotional stress or anxiety can trigger episodes of sleepwalking.
  • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions like sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, and fever can contribute to sleepwalking.
  • Medications and substances: Some medications, sedatives, and alcohol consumption can increase the risk of sleepwalking.


The primary symptom of sleepwalking is getting out of bed and performing activities while still asleep. Other common symptoms include:

  • Blank, glassy-eyed expression
  • Difficulty awakening the sleepwalker
  • Unresponsiveness or incoherent speech
  • Episodic memory loss or confusion upon waking
  • Performing routine activities in a clumsy or disorganized manner
  • Inappropriate behaviors or actions


Treatment for sleepwalking focuses on improving sleep quality and reducing triggers. Some common approaches include:

  • Establishing a regular sleep schedule: Maintain consistent sleep and wake times to regulate the sleep cycle.
  • Creating a calm sleep environment: Ensure the sleeping area is comfortable, quiet, and free of hazards to minimize disturbances.
  • Avoiding stress and anxiety: Implement stress management techniques or seek counseling if anxiety contributes to sleepwalking.
  • Safety measures: Remove obstacles and install safety gates to prevent injury during episodes of sleepwalking.
  • Medication: In severe cases, a doctor may prescribe medications to help manage sleepwalking episodes.

In most cases, sleepwalking episodes resolve on their own without any long-term complications. However, if sleepwalking poses risks or significantly disrupts daily life, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment.