Sjogren’s Syndrome

Sjogren’s Syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects the moisture-producing glands of the body.

Autoimmune Disorder

Sjogren’s Syndrome is classified as an autoimmune disorder because the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own cells and tissues. In this case, the immune system primarily targets the glands responsible for producing tears and saliva.

Moisture-Producing Glands

The syndrome specifically affects the lacrimal glands (responsible for tear production) and the salivary glands (responsible for saliva production). However, it can also impact other parts of the body that contain these types of glands, such as the nasal, vaginal, and gastrointestinal tracts.

Common Symptoms

Individuals with Sjogren’s Syndrome commonly experience dryness in the eyes and mouth, leading to symptoms such as dry eyes, dry mouth, difficulty swallowing, and a persistent dry cough. Additionally, it may cause fatigue, joint pain, and dry skin.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Sjogren’s Syndrome is diagnosed through a comprehensive evaluation that may include blood tests, examination of symptoms, and imaging studies. Treatment aims to manage symptoms and may involve the use of artificial tears, saliva substitutes, pain medications, and immunosuppressive drugs to control the autoimmune response.


People with Sjogren’s Syndrome have a higher risk of developing certain complications, including dental cavities, oral yeast infections, lung inflammation, and lymphoma.