Shallow Processing
Shallow processing refers to a cognitive mechanism used in information processing, where only superficial or surface-level features of stimuli are encoded and analyzed.

Shallow processing involves a relatively passive and limited form of mental engagement with the presented information. It focuses on the perceptual and sensory aspects of stimuli without deeply comprehending their meaning or making connections to existing knowledge.
Shallow processing is typically cursory and swift, lacking in-depth analysis or critical thinking. It relies on automatic, effortless cognitive processes that quickly assess and categorize information based on its physical attributes, such as appearance, sound, or spelling.
As a result of shallow processing, information is retained at a surface level and may not be fully understood or remembered accurately over time. It can lead to shallow comprehension, reduced learning outcomes, and limited ability to apply knowledge in complex contexts.
Examples of shallow processing include reading texts without actively engaging with the content, skimming through materials, memorizing facts without understanding their significance, and relying on heuristics or mental shortcuts to make judgments.
Contrast with Deep Processing
In contrast to shallow processing, deep processing involves a more elaborate and effortful analysis of information, focusing on its meaning, relevance, and connections to existing knowledge. Deep processing facilitates better understanding, stronger memory formation, and the ability to apply knowledge effectively.