Self-regulation refers to the ability of an individual to control their own thoughts, emotions, and actions in a constructive and adaptive manner. It involves regulating one’s behavior based on internal standards, goals, and values, rather than being influenced solely by external factors.

Key Aspects of Self-Regulation


An important aspect of self-regulation is self-control, which involves the ability to resist immediate impulses or temptations and instead, opt for long-term goals and values. Self-control helps individuals to delay gratification, manage their impulses, and maintain a balanced approach towards decision-making.

Emotion Regulation

Self-regulation also encompasses emotion regulation, which involves the ability to manage and regulate one’s own emotions effectively. This includes recognizing and understanding emotions, as well as employing strategies to modulate and express them in appropriate ways.

Goal Setting and Monitoring

Self-regulation involves setting goals for oneself and monitoring progress towards achieving them. This process requires individuals to break down goals into manageable steps, establish realistic timelines, and regularly assess their performance, making any necessary adjustments along the way.

Adaptive Coping Skills

Self-regulation involves the development and application of adaptive coping skills to deal with challenging situations and setbacks. This includes problem-solving, stress management, resilience, and the ability to bounce back from failures or setbacks.

Impulse Management

Another aspect of self-regulation is impulse management, which refers to the ability to resist impulsive behaviors, delay immediate gratification, and make thoughtful and rational choices. It involves considering the potential consequences and long-term benefits before acting upon an impulse.

Social Skills

Self-regulation also encompasses social skills, such as effective communication, active listening, empathy, and conflict resolution. These skills enable individuals to navigate social interactions and relationships in a respectful and considerate manner, taking others’ perspectives into account.

In summary, self-regulation involves the ability to control one’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors in a way that aligns with personal values, goals, and societal norms. It encompasses self-control, emotion regulation, goal setting and monitoring, adaptive coping skills, impulse management, and social skills.