A system of religious beliefs and practices created by science fiction writer L. Ron Hubbard in the early 1950s.
Scientology teaches that humans are immortal spiritual beings (thetans) who have forgotten their true nature. Through various processes, followers aim to rid themselves of negative experiences and traumas, thus achieving spiritual enlightenment and freedom.
Scientologists engage in auditing, a form of spiritual counseling, to uncover and address past traumas. They also participate in training courses and study scripture-like texts written by L. Ron Hubbard.
Scientology has faced widespread criticism for its secretive nature, alleged abusive practices, and aggressive legal tactics against critics. It has been described as a controversial and highly litigious organization.