Reverse Anorexia

  1. Definition

    Reverse Anorexia, also known as Muscle Dysmorphia or Bigorexia, is a psychological disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to become more muscular, resulting in distorted body image and excessive dedication to weightlifting, bodybuilding, and dietary regimens.

  2. Symptoms

    • Compulsive weightlifting and bodybuilding
    • Frequent mirror checking
    • Excessive focus on muscle size and definition
    • Extreme preoccupation with body fat levels
    • Avoidance of social situations or activities that interfere with weightlifting or bodybuilding routines
    • Excessive consumption of protein supplements and/or anabolic steroids
    • Disproportionate dissatisfaction with one’s muscularity, despite having a well-developed physique
  3. Risks and Health Consequences

    • Potential strains, tears, or injuries to muscles and ligaments due to intense weightlifting
    • Negative impact on cardiovascular health
    • Problems with interpersonal relationships due to excessive focus on physical appearance
    • Increased risk of developing an eating disorder, such as orthorexia or binge eating disorder
    • Mental health issues, including depression, anxiety, and body dysmorphic disorder
  4. Treatment

    Treatment for Reverse Anorexia typically involves a combination of therapy, medication, and support groups. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) can help address distorted body image and underlying psychological issues. A multidisciplinary approach involving nutritionists, physicians, and trainers may be necessary to establish a healthy exercise routine and dietary plan. Medication may be prescribed to manage comorbid disorders or symptoms of anxiety and depression.