Reggio Emilio Approach

About Reggio Emilio Approach
The Reggio Emilio Approach is an educational philosophy and teaching method that originated in the town of Reggio Emilio in Italy. This approach is child-centered and emphasizes the importance of the environment, relationships, and the creative expression of children.
Key Principles
The Reggio Emilio Approach is guided by several key principles:
  • Image of the Child: Children are seen as capable and competent individuals who have the desire and ability to construct their own knowledge.
  • Environment as the “Third Teacher”: The learning environment is considered a crucial component in a child’s education, where the physical space and materials provided encourage exploration and discovery.
  • Collaboration: Teachers, parents, and children work together in a collaborative and interactive manner, fostering a sense of community and shared responsibility.
  • Documentation: The learning process is documented and made visible through various forms, such as photographs, artwork, and written observations, to allow for reflection and communication.
  • Project-Based Learning: Learning is organized around projects that emerge from children’s interests and ideas, encouraging deep exploration and investigation.
Teaching Methods
The Reggio Emilio Approach employs a variety of teaching methods, including:
  • Observation: Teachers closely observe children’s interests, interactions, and learning processes to inform their teaching strategies.
  • Documentation: Teachers document children’s learning experiences and make their thinking visible through displays and portfolios.
  • Scaffolding: Teachers provide support and guidance to help children further develop their ideas and skills.
  • Reflection: Teachers regularly reflect on their own practices and engage in professional dialogue with colleagues, parents, and children.
  • Responsive Planning: Curriculum planning is flexible and based on children’s emerging interests and ideas, encouraging active involvement.