Definition of Reconsolidation

Reconsolidation refers to the process through which stored memories are retrieved and become susceptible to change, allowing for their modification or integration with new information. It is a dynamic and malleable process that occurs after memory retrieval.

How Reconsolidation Works

When a memory is recalled, it becomes temporarily unstable and must go through a process of reconsolidation to be stored back in the brain. During reconsolidation, the memory can be influenced by various factors, such as new experiences, emotions, or information.

Key Characteristics of Reconsolidation

1. Vulnerability: During reconsolidation, memories become susceptible to modification, alteration, or even complete erasure.

2. Time Sensitivity: The window of reconsolidation is limited; memories are most vulnerable to changes shortly after retrieval.

3. Associative Process: Reconsolidation can be influenced by the formation of new associations between the retrieved memory and other information or experiences.

Applications of Reconsolidation

Reconsolidation has significant implications in the field of psychology and memory research. It provides opportunities for therapeutic interventions aimed at modifying or treating certain types of memories, such as traumatic experiences or addiction-related memories.


Reconsolidation is a crucial process in the ongoing shaping and modification of memories. Understanding its mechanisms has the potential to offer new avenues for interventions and therapies targeting memory-related disorders.