Raven’s Progressive Matrices (RPM) is a non-verbal intelligence test designed to measure an individual’s abstract reasoning and problem-solving abilities. The test consists of a series of visual patterns organized in a matrix format.

Test Structure

The RPM is composed of multiple matrices, each with an incomplete pattern. The individual is presented with a set of answer choices and must identify the pattern that completes the matrix logically and consistently. The difficulty of the matrices gradually increases throughout the test.


RPM is primarily used in the assessment of fluid intelligence, which involves reasoning and problem-solving in novel situations without relying on prior knowledge or experience. It helps evaluate an individual’s capacity to identify and apply patterns, think abstractly, and draw logical conclusions.

Assessment Process

The assessment of RPM involves a timed completion of the matrices. Individuals are expected to analyze the given patterns, infer underlying rules or relationships, and select the answer that adheres to the established pattern. The test is often administered in educational, clinical, and research settings.


RPM is widely utilized in cognitive psychology, education, and personnel selection. It provides valuable insights into an individual’s cognitive abilities and potential problem-solving skills. By measuring abstract reasoning, RPM helps assess intellectual potential and can assist in identifying areas of strength and weakness.


While RPM is a valuable tool for measuring certain aspects of intelligence, it does not capture the entirety of human cognitive abilities. Factors like cultural background, exposure, and familiarity with the test format can influence performance. Thus, caution should be taken when interpreting the results and considering them in conjunction with other measures and assessments.