A mental disorder characterized by a disconnection from reality, typically involving hallucinations, delusions, and impaired cognition. Psychosis often leads to abnormal behavior, difficulty in social interactions, and a distorted perception of one’s own experiences and surroundings.

Signs and Symptoms:
  • – Hallucinations: Sensory perceptions (visual, auditory, olfactory, or tactile) that occur in the absence of external stimuli.
  • – Delusions: Strongly held beliefs not based on reality, often resistant to contradictory evidence.
  • – Disorganized thinking: Incoherent speech patterns, irrational thoughts, and trouble focusing or expressing oneself coherently.
  • – Emotional changes: Flattened or exaggerated emotions, inappropriate reactions, or unstable mood.
  • – Cognitive difficulties: Poor attention, impaired memory, difficulty concentrating, and problems with executive functions.
  • – Social withdrawal: Avoidance of social interactions and withdrawal from previously enjoyed activities.

Psychosis can arise from various factors, including:

  • – Mental health disorders: Conditions such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or severe depression.
  • – Substance abuse: Prolonged use of certain drugs or excessive alcohol consumption.
  • – Physical illness or injury: Brain tumors, autoimmune diseases, or traumatic brain injuries.
  • – Sleep deprivation: Long-term sleep disturbances or inadequate sleep patterns.
  • – Genetic predisposition: Having a family history of psychosis.
  • – Hormonal changes: Associated with postpartum, menopause, or certain endocrine disorders.

Treating psychosis often involves a combination of therapies, including:

  • – Medications: Prescribed antipsychotic or mood-stabilizing drugs to manage symptoms.
  • – Psychotherapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychoeducation to develop coping strategies and promote recovery.
  • – Hospitalization: For severe cases where safety is a concern or when intensive treatment is needed.
  • – Social support: Engaging in support groups and building a strong network of trustworthy individuals for ongoing assistance.
  • – Lifestyle modifications: Implementing healthy habits, such as regular exercise, balanced diet, and sufficient sleep.
  • – Stress management: Techniques like mindfulness, relaxation exercises, and stress reduction strategies.