Psychoanalysis is a psychological theory and therapy developed by Sigmund Freud that aims to bring unconscious thoughts and emotions into conscious awareness in order to understand and resolve psychological conflicts.


In psychoanalysis, it is believed that human behavior is strongly influenced by unconscious drives, instincts, and experiences that often conflict with societal norms and conscious desires.


Psychoanalytic therapy involves exploring the unconscious mind through techniques such as free association, dream analysis, and analysis of transference and resistance. The goal is to gain insight and achieve psychological growth and healing.

Key Concepts:

  • Unconscious: The part of the mind that contains thoughts, memories, and desires that are hidden from conscious awareness.
  • Id, Ego, and Superego: Different components of the personality structure that interact and influence behavior.
  • Defense Mechanisms: Psychological strategies used by the ego to protect the individual from anxiety arising from unacceptable thoughts or impulses.
  • Transference: The unconscious redirection of feelings and desires from one person to another, often towards the therapist.
  • Resistance: Unconscious defense mechanisms that hinder the progress of therapy and prevent the exploration of painful or threatening material.


Psychoanalysis has been influential in various fields, including psychology, psychiatry, literature, art, and cultural studies. It has also contributed to the development of other psychological theories and therapeutic approaches.