Psychiatry is a branch of medical science that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. It focuses on the study of mental illnesses, their causes, symptoms, and management through various therapeutic approaches.


  • Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: This subspecialty involves the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of mental disorders in children, adolescents, and their families. It addresses developmental, emotional, and behavioral difficulties specific to this age group.
  • Geriatric Psychiatry: This subspecialty focuses on the mental health care of older adults. It deals with the diagnosis and management of mental disorders commonly affecting senior citizens, such as dementia, depression, and anxiety.
  • Forensic Psychiatry: Forensic psychiatry combines the fields of psychiatry and the law. It involves the assessment and treatment of mentally disordered individuals in legal contexts, including competency evaluations, criminal responsibility assessments, and expert testimony in court.
  • Addiction Psychiatry: Addiction psychiatry specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of substance use disorders, including drug and alcohol addiction. It addresses both the physical and psychological aspects of addiction and employs various evidence-based interventions.
  • Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry: This subspecialty focuses on the interface between psychiatry and other medical specialties. It involves providing psychiatric evaluation and management to patients with comorbid medical conditions or during their hospitalization.

Role of Psychiatrists:

Psychiatrists are medical doctors (M.D. or D.O.) who specialize in psychiatry. They are licensed physicians trained to diagnose mental disorders, prescribe medications, and provide psychotherapy. Psychiatrists play a crucial role in assessing and managing mental health conditions, collaborating with other healthcare professionals, and promoting the overall well-being of their patients.