A prognosis refers to an estimated prediction of the probable outcome or course of a disease, condition, or situation. It is an evaluation made by a healthcare professional based on the available information about the individual’s illness or health condition.


The prognosis provides an understanding of the likely progression and outcome of a disease, allowing patients and healthcare providers to make informed decisions regarding treatment options, future care plans, and lifestyle adjustments. It helps individuals and their families to anticipate and prepare for potential challenges or changes that may arise due to the condition.

Factors considered:

Prognosis is determined by considering various factors such as the person’s medical history, age, overall health, stage of the disease, response to treatment, and the presence of any other underlying conditions or complications. The prognosis may range from favorable (good outcome) to unfavorable (poor outcome) depending on these factors.

Communication of prognosis:

Healthcare professionals communicate prognosis to patients and their families in a sensitive and empathetic manner, taking into account their emotional and psychological needs. They ensure that the information is conveyed clearly, yet compassionately, addressing any concerns or questions that may arise.


Prognosis is an estimate and not an absolute certainty. It is based on the current understanding and available information, and therefore, can change as new information or treatment options emerge. Individual responses to treatment and unexpected developments may also influence the actual outcome.